Different Types of Chickens, Breeds & Varieties
Different types of chickens are classified into several breeds in several classes throughout the world. As a matter of fact there are over 300 breeds and varieties that are recognized. These different breeds are distinguished by certain traits and characteristics that all the varieties within the breed share.
Types of Chickens
The types of chickens are relative to geographic location that a particular breed originated and in the class are groups of breeds. The American Class, for instance with the breed Rhode Island Red, which originated in Rhode Island just like the Plymouth Rock originated in Plymouth Rock, both individual breeds in the same class, and so on.
When we talking about different classes of chickens variety and breeds a variety is simply a sub-division of a breed and can be distinguished by the slight variation form the primary breed, such as color, plumage or comb type etc., no matter the variation, however, the body shape and physical features should be identical.
A breed of a chicken is referring to a group of chickens that possess a particular set of physical features like number of toes, feathered shanks, and shape of the body or skin color for instance. If breeding occurs within their own kind, then because the breed is established, the expectation is that all these physical traits will be passed onto the offspring.
Besides different types of chickens, breeds and varieties also have strains that are a result of one person, such as a hobbyist, or an organization that has their own breeding program to enhance a particular trait such as size for meat, appearance or egg production. Strains are populations that are breeding that possess common traits, so if you have Jersey Giants and Brahmas that are cohabiting and are breeding, their offspring will be a strain.
Besides the American Class of chicken, there are the ones listed below:
- Asiatic Class
- English Class
- Mediterranean Class
- Games Class
- Class Listed as Miscellaneous
Varieties & Strains of Chickens
Each class contains several breeds and each breed, typically, has several varieties.
Bantams for the most part can fall into all of the classes listed above because most large chicken breeds have a bantam counterpart. Usually one-fifth to one-quarter the size of the standard breed, they are expected to exhibit all of the standard breed’s characteristics. However not all large breed have a bantam counterpart and similarly not all bantams are a replica of a large breed.
In a sense they could be considered their own class since Bantam Chickens origin from the city of Bantam – currently known as Banten Province. Really they are miniature chickens that are categorized as bantams with over 350 kinds of breeding miniature chickens, typically breed and kept for exhibition.
There are several combinations of physical features, 350 of them, that are used to identify and classify each breed, variety and strain of chicken.
It is the categorization and organization of this information that makes it possible to identify and put together your own flock of chickens based on your own needs such as egg production, heavier breeds for meat production, for show and temperament such as docile or aggressive.
Do you keep chickens? What breed or variety do you have? Please leave a comments below and as always, please share this page! thanks!!