Know How to prune Fruit Trees for Great Yields!
Fruit trees require pruning if you want them to be healthy and highly productive. How to prune fruit trees in general is a gardening skill that gets overlooked to often though it really is necessary for healthy productive trees and shrubs. Once you learn to prune correctly you will see more healthy growth and flowering, if it is a flowering plant, and with some practice your plants will be more pleasing to the eye. Generally speaking for shrubs and trees pruning at the correct time is important. Depending on the variety, for some, it is best for it to be pruned in winter and for some others is best to do it right after flowering.
Pruning Fruit Trees
Pruning Fruit Trees while they are dormant is the time to get it done. How do you know a fruit tree is dormant? That’s easy to see, the tree won’t have any leaves actively growing, only buds. There are benefits for you and the tree by doing it at this time. For you it is really easy to see what you are doing and easy to see the “suckers” and cut them off. Suckers are branches that are typically a non-fruit bearing branch that suck the nutrients away from the branches that will bear fruit.
You want more fruit from your fruit trees? Then you need to keep them pruned so the tree can put all of it energy into producing fruit.
More Reasons to Know How to Prune Fruit Trees
We’ve covered that pruning trees in general is good for the tree and that it is even more so for fruit trees considering that you are not only maintaining the trees health, but you are improving the quality of the fruit it produces, in the case of fruit trees. It’s important because fruit trees that are not pruned will eventually only produce fruit on the tips of higher branches. The lower branches just won’t get the sunlight and nutrients needed to produce fruit.
You might think, that’s ok because I didn’t want a ton of fruit anyhow, but consider the safety factor in that equation. Some fruit trees left unkempt can reach heights of 30 feet, maybe more. Unless you have the right equipment harvesting fruit at 30 feet would be difficult and pretty dangerous.
Keeping your fruit trees pruned will make it easy to harvest the fruit because it won’t be as high up and the sun will be able to get to the lower fruit producing branches. Also, because you are maintaining your tree it is more likely than not that the tree will stay free of diseases. Because the trees energy is primarily going to produce fruit, you can expect larger fruit, which in my opinion, is probably the best reason to prune your fruit trees.
When pruning you are obviously cutting the tree, so sealing those cuts up cannot be overstated, it is really important part of knowing how to prune fruit trees. If you don’t take the time to seal the open wounds on your trees insects and disease have an open invitation to wreak havoc on your trees.
Finally, pruning smaller and younger trees is not the same as pruning a larger and more mature tree. You can diminish a larger fruit trees production for the year by cutting it branches back to far. Cut to far back and not only will reduce the fruit output but too much sun will get to the trees core branches and trunk causing a sort of sunburn possibly leading to insect infestations and bacteria growth in the tree.